Types of FSSAI Licenses and Which One is Right for Your Food Business

Types of FSSAI Licenses and Which One is Right for Your Food Business

Obtaining an FSSAI license (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) is a crucial step for any food business in India. However, with different types of FSSAI licenses available, it’s essential to understand their distinctions and determine the right one for your specific business. In this blog post, we will explore the various types of FSSAI licenses and provide guidance to help you make an informed decision.

1.Basic FSSAI Registration 

The Basic FSSAI Registration is applicable to small-scale food businesses with an annual turnover below a specified threshold. This category is suitable for businesses such as petty retailers, small eateries, food stalls, and home-based food businesses. It involves a simple registration process and grants businesses the legal permission to operate within a particular jurisdiction.


2.State FSSAI License

The State FSSAI License is applicable to medium-sized food businesses operating within a specific state. This category is suitable for businesses with an annual turnover above the Basic Registration threshold but below a higher specified limit. Restaurants, food manufacturers, distributors, and caterers fall under this category. The State License requires more detailed documentation, including a food safety management plan, and businesses may need to undergo periodic inspections.

3.Central FSSAI License 

The Central FSSAI License is mandatory for large-scale food businesses that operate across multiple states in India. This category includes manufacturers, importers, exporters, and food businesses with an annual turnover above a higher specified limit. Obtaining a Central License involves a comprehensive application process, including detailed documentation, factory layout plans, and compliance with specific food safety standards. Regular audits and inspections are conducted to ensure compliance with FSSAI regulations.

When choosing the right license for your food business, there are several points to consider:

a) Scale of operations: Evaluate the annual turnover of your business and the number of locations or states in which you operate. This will help determine whether you need a central license, state license, or registration.

b) Nature of business: Identify the specific activities involved in your food business, such as manufacturing, processing, distribution, or importing/exporting. Different licenses are applicable to different activities, so understanding the nature of your business is crucial.

c) Expansion plans: Consider your future growth prospects and whether your business may expand to other states or engage in interstate trade. If expansion is a possibility, it’s important to choose a license that allows for such expansion without requiring additional licenses or registrations.

d) Compliance requirements: Evaluate your ability to meet the documentation, infrastructure, and compliance standards specified for each license category. Some licenses have more stringent requirements than others, so ensure that you can meet the necessary criteria for the chosen license.

e) Food product categories: Different licenses may be applicable based on the specific food product categories you deal with. The FSSAI classifies food products into various categories such as dairy, meat, fruits and vegetables, packaged foods, etc. Understanding which category your products fall under will help you determine the appropriate license for your business.

f) Specialized permits: Certain food businesses may require specialized permits or certifications, such as organic certification or licenses for handling specific types of products like alcoholic beverages. If your business falls into any specialized category, ensure that you fulfill the additional requirements and obtain the necessary permits alongside the basic FSSAI license.

g) Expert advice: Seeking guidance from professionals or consultants well-versed in food regulations can be beneficial. They can provide valuable insights into the licensing process, help you understand the complex requirements, and ensure that you make the right choice for your food business.

h) Cost considerations: Evaluate the costs associated with obtaining and maintaining different licenses. Take into account application fees, renewal fees, inspection charges, and any other relevant expenses. Balancing the costs with the benefits and requirements of each license category will help you make a financially viable decision.

By considering these factors, you can make an informed decision and select the appropriate FSSAI license that aligns with the scale, nature, and future plans of your food business, while also ensuring compliance with the relevant regulations.


Choosing the right FSSAI license is crucial to ensure compliance with food safety regulations and establish trust among consumers. By understanding the different types of FSSAI licenses and considering factors like scale of operations, nature of business, expansion plans, and compliance requirements, you can make an informed decision. Consulting with FSSAI experts or professionals in the food industry can provide further guidance and assistance in obtaining the appropriate license for your food business.

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